Coriander, What's that?


Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is a well-known spice plant. The small fruit is dried and traded, either crushed or not. The shape of coriander that is not finely ground is almost similar to pepper, a kind of small seed 1-2 millimeters in diameter. Coriander has a distinctive aroma. This aroma is caused by the chemical components present in coriander essential oil

In the drug trade, Coriander is called Fructus coriander. In English, it is called coriander and in Latin America, it is called cilantro. This plant is native to Southern Europe and near the Caspian Sea. 

Various types of traditional Indonesian dishes often use spices in the form of seeds in the form of strong-flavored granules called coriander. With the addition of these spices, the aroma of the dish will be more fragrant. 

Coriander is one of the foods and herbaceous plants that are nutritious. Not only can it be eaten directly as food or fresh vegetables, coriander can also be processed into herbal medicine or herbal tea. This is because in coriander water there are a variety of nutrients that are good for the health of the body, such as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, iron, and folate, as well as vitamins A, B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin K. In addition, coriander and coriander water are also rich in antioxidant compounds, such as tocopherols, carotenoids, flavonoids, tannins, anthocyanins, lutein, zeaxanthin, and quercetin.