Candlenut (Kemiri), what's that?


candlenut (Kemiri)

Candlenut in the Indonesian language called "Kemiri"

Candlenut or Kemiri (Aleurites moluccana (L.) Wild.), is a plant whose seeds are used as a source of oil and spices. This plant is still related to cassava and belongs to the Euphorbiaceae tribe. In trade between countries known as candleberry, Indian walnut, and candlenut. The tree is called the lacquer tree or Kukui nut tree. Oil extracted from the seeds is useful in industry for use as a mixture of paints. 

Candlenut or Kemiri grows to a height of 30 m (98 ft), with spreading or drooping branches. The leaves are pale green, simple, and ovate or heart-shaped on mature shoots, but maybe three-, five-, or seven-lobed on saplings. Up to 20 cm (7.9 in) long and 13 cm (5.1 in) wide and young leaves are densely covered with rusty or cream star hairs. The petioles are up to 12.5 cm (4.9 in) long and about 5 mm (0.20 in) across. 

Flowers are small—male flowers about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter, female flowers about 9 mm (0.35 in). The fruit is a drupe about 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) in diameter with one or two lobes; each lobe bears a single soft, white, oily seed, which is contained within a hard shell about 2 cm (0.79 in) in diameter. Kernels are the source of hazelnut oil.